Vision Training – Visual Perceptual Skills

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To appreciate Visual Perceptual Skills is easiest by separating the skills into four different categories: visual spatial, visual analysis, visual motor, and visual auditory.


Screen Shot 2013-07-23 at 1.02.30 PMThrough visual spatial skills a child develops what is known as directionality. A child has to understand the similarities and differences of the two sides of their body to then appreciate how this concept can be transferred to other people and objects.
Without this there is no consistency
Screen Shot 2013-07-23 at 1.02.41 PM to sequencing sounds in a left-to-right direction. Also the English written word and sentence is built on a left-to-right page and children who do not have an inherent understanding of these concepts will find the left-to-right directional printing and writing hard to follow and recall.

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Visual analysis skills include realising the important features of what one is looking at, the similarities and differences between shapes and symbols, for visualisation  (visual construction), recall and … later – easy recognition. Manipulation of the visual images becomes important as we mature for comparing shapes and symbols, and developing thinking and logical reasoning skills. Higher level Visual Analysis skills  are built on a good understanding of Directionality.

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Visual-motor skills are our ability to graphically represent what we see.  This includes something as early as being able to copy a square, or form a letter, to being able to draw a picture of a building in three dimensions. At every age there are expectations of our ability to put pencil to paper and this is commonly a test to show how much we understand and the level of our thinking.

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Visual auditory skills encompass our skill and knowledge at matching sounds to visual symbols so that they can be used in a visual manner. The spoken word is heard (processed) over time as a sequence of sounds but written spatially and recognised as a whole, simultaneously. These skills include manipulation of sounds visually, such as breaking down the individual
sounds (phonemes) to write or check phonetically.


 

More information

See also our page on training visual perceptual skills